Shipping Container ISO Standard

There are five common standard lengths, 20-ft (6.1 m), 40-ft (12.2 m), 45-ft (13.7 m), 48-ft (14.6 m), and 53-ft (16.2 m). United States domestic standard containers are generally 48 ft (15 m) and 53-ft (rail and truck). Container capacity is often expressed in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU, or sometimes teu). An equivalent unit is a measure of containerized cargo capacity equal to one standard 20 ft (length) × 8 ft (width) container. As this is an approximate measure, the height of the box is not considered, for instance the 9 ft 6 in (2.9 m) High cube and the 4-ft 3-in (1.3 m) half height 20 ft (6.1 m) containers are also called one TEU.

The maximum gross mass for a 20 ft (6.1 m) dry cargo container is 24,000 kg, and for a 40-ft (including the 2.87 m (9 ft 6 in) high cube container), it is 30,480 kg. Allowing for the tare mass of the container, the maximum payload mass is therefore reduced to approximately 22,000 kg for 20 ft (6.1 m), and 27,000 kg for 40 ft (12 m) containers.

The original choice of 8 foot height for ISO containers was made in part to suit a large proportion of railway tunnels, though some had to be deepened. With the arrival of even taller containers, further enlargement is proving necessary.


In railroad terminology a Roadrailer or RoadRailer is a highway trailer, or semi-trailer, that is specially-equipped for use in railroad intermodal service.

The advantage of using roadrailers is that due to their construction, the trailers can be pulled directly behind other freight (or even passenger) equipment without the use of trailer flatcars.

Roadrailers first appeared on American railroads in the 1950s. The trailers were built with integrated railroad wheelsets that could be lowered into position when the trailer was pulled behind a train. More modern roadrailers do not include integrated railroad wheels, but ride on specially-manufactured bogies that do double-duty, serving as articulation points between multiple trailers in a train. Each truck is equipped with two fifth wheels and at one end (or both ends) of a convoy there is an adaptor truck equipped with one fifth wheel and one regular AAR Type “E” or Type “F” automatic coupler. Each semi-trailer has one king pin at each end. Because the bogie is significantly lighter than a rail flatcar or well-car, roadrailer freight trains are much lighter and therefore are more energy efficient than traditional intermodal trains.

RoadRailers were built by the Bi-Modal Corporations in the early 1980’s located in West Chester Pennsylvania. The trailiers were built by the Budd Corporation locally with the integration of the wheelsets and railroad braking system done at the nearby Bi-Modal factory. This was a modern up-date of C&O’s Railvan used in the 1950’s. The railroad wheelsets attached to the aft portion of the trailer were lowed pneumatically by activating a simple valve controller on the left rear of the trailer. To transfer from highway mode to rail mode the trailer driver would position the trailer over tracks inlayed into a paved rail yard. First the operator would activate the valve to remove the air from the airbags that supported the trailer in the highway mode. In the fully lowered or squat position, hooks which held the railwheel set up above the road surface released. Then the operator would move the valve to inflate the two large airbags used for rail mode. These rail air bags were similar to those used in passenger rail cars at this time. After being fully transferred, the trailer would be fully level and ready for connection to the next trailer in the train.

Throughout the early 1980’s various railroads experimented with the RoadRailer concept to determine if the equipment would be durable enough to endure railroad use. The positive attributes of the RoadRailer were its exceptionally smooth ride, light weight and low capital costs to set-up a rail yard. Since no flatcars were involved, no crane systems were needed to transfer the trailers between modes. In fact during one demonstration test a train of RoadRailers was broken down in the middle of an industrial street in Portland Oregon which happened to have track in the street demonstrating the flexibility of the system. Another note was that a RoadRailer train did not have a caboose car which at the time was still required for freight trains. A simple box was designed with a yellow strobe light designed to be installed in the unused coupler of the last car. Later, as cabooses were phased out, railroads today use a similar strobe to mark the end of the train.

In 1982, Conrail operated a route between (Railports) Buffalo, Rochester and Highbridge New York in the Bronx called the Empire State Xpress operated by Bi-Modal subsidiary Road-Rail Transportation Company. The concept was to offer customers rapid freight service that would be competitive with traditional over the road service. Dedicated trains left Buffalo and Highbridge each evening arriving early the next morning. The line was eventually shut down after never establishing enough key customers to utilize the service.

The primary reason that the original RoadRailer concept did not catch on was the weight penalty imposed on the trailers because of the attached railroad wheelset. This was resolved in later designs which removed the integrated wheelset by having a dedicated rail bogie assembly that stayed in the rail yard as seen today.

Benefits of Self Storage Versus Your Own Warehouse

When is it better to choose self storage over your own warehouse? What are the formers advantages over the latter? Or is it actually wiser to have your own warehouse rather than entrust your precious belongings to some self storage company? First and the most important of all is the sense of security that self storage provides as opposed to your own warehouse. With self storage, you are assured that you are keeping all of your items somewhere safe and secure, thus you are given peace of mind. How does self storage ensure security? For one, they require you to provide your own padlocks and keys to your storage units, so that only you will have an access to it. Apart from this, the storage facility also boasts of additional measures to ensure security, and that is by means of 24/7 surveillance cameras and security guards, pin numbers to access the electronic facility gates, flood-lighting at night, as well as high-technology burglar alarm systems. Contrast these state-of-the-art security systems versus the security afforded by mere padlocks in your own warehouse and you get a stark difference in favor of self storage. Next is the assurance of your items safety. In your own warehouse, you might not be able to do regular physical inspection because there is just so much to do at work, so you will never find out if your items are already being damaged by water, pests and rodents. In self storage, however, there are usually pest control programs which are being done regularly, as well as measures to prevent water damage or other natural calamities, if possible. Some storage facilities are even raised to higher levels just so damage can be avoided in cases of floods or typhoons. Another benefit afforded by self storage over your own warehouse is the availability of climate controlled units. You will not have to worry anymore about the temperature-sensitive items that you possess because you can set the temperature in some of the better self storage facilities, thereby avoiding damage to your precious items. True, you have to pay for certain fees, and transportation costs as well every time you access your storage unit, while when you store your goods in your warehouse, you do not have to pay for anything. What will make you decide for self storage, however, is the assurance of safety and security that it affords. You can have that in your own warehouse, but you will need to spend thousands upon thousands to provide a similar level of security, versus paying a certain tolerable amount of fees on self storage monthly. Self storage is, indeed, the way to go.

About the Author
Drew Mers is an advertising consultant to City Closet Self Storage, which rents inexpensive self storage throughout New York and New Jersey.

The Top Five Self Storage Units

When people need storage its usually because one of three things has happened; lack of space, seasonal needs, or more adequate storage needs have occurred. The solution to this problem is self storage units. Over recent decades self storage has taken on many forms and has adapted to different needs. This type of storage now covers five distinct groups of consumers who use storage for a multitude of needs. The Basics of Self Storage There are some common issues which are a part of any type of self storage. These issues must be looked into when using this type of storage. The contract – Contracts are different from one facility to another and from one storage type to another. The Hours – While some facilities are only open during business hours, others are 24/7 operations. Security Issues – Most outdoor storage uses a simple fence and passkey system with individual locks for units, while indoor storage makes use of cameras and sometimes personal security measures. Appropriate Uses – All storage facilities have clauses against storage of perishable food, pets, or combustible materials. Rates – Rental fees for storage can be paid weekly, monthly, quarterly or yearly. Shed Storage This is one of the two main types of self storage units available today. Usually these are made of metal and concrete. Most facilities allow you to drive right up to your unit. These units are good for such items as: Household furnishings Appliances Properly boxed clothing and books Warehouse Storage These units are constructed within the walls of a larger single building, are usually climate controlled and have sprinkler systems in place. Warehouse self storage is mainly used for the following: Document storage Storage of valuables or paintings Light or climate sensitive material Frozen items Trailer Storage This type of self storage is mainly used for quick storage of bulk or boxed items. Trailers are most likely used for: Vending route storage Tires or other non corrosive auto parts Pallets Multiple boxed or bagged items The Rented Garage The rented garage is the most common type seen in the newspaper where a vehicle is involved. Sometimes garages space is rented out for someone looking to park one of the following for a season or a year: RV or camper Antique autos Motorcycles Boats Lot Storage This type of self storage is used mainly for items which are too large to fit into an enclosed space or on a residential property. A variation of lot storage is a Marina or Boat Slip. Uses for lot storage are listed below: Large mobile homes Airplanes Boats Tractor trailers These are the five most common uses of self storage. Each type has its advantages and disadvantages depending on the requirements needed; while all provide one common service which is a place for people to put their stuff until needed later.

About the Author
Save money today by comparing rates from Self Storage locations to Moving Companies. Compare the convenience of storing seasonal items, special event materials and even documents in either Portable Storage Container Units for all your residential, business and corporate moves and needs.

Getting a Great Deal on Self Storage

Getting a great deal on any acquisition always feels good. With self storage, getting the right size at the right location and right price are signs of having obtained a great deal. The question is: how does one actually get a great deal? Are there procedures that should be done to ensure great deals on self storage? The first thing to look for when choosing a self storage is always the location. Thus, getting a great deal means that you should have knowledge of all your possible self storage options in your area of preference, and you just select the best among them depending on the other variables for your choice, such as the price and the facility itself. There are many different ways by which you can find out about all the self storage facilities around the area. You can search for a self storage directory for your particular zip code over the internet or you can also try the yellow pages. Because self storage is one competitive business, there are, for certain, great deals that can work to your advantage. Great deals include bargains and sales on the self storage fees, which definitely help save money for other important needs. It would also be particularly helpful if you specify your preferred size and features of a self storage unit when inquiring, so you immediately learn from the self storage companies if they have those specifications available for you. Be very clear as to whether you want a small or a large, indoor or outdoor unit, and if there are any special amenities you want, such as climate control. The web is still the better option to learn about these things because of the details included in the websites, as opposed to paid advertisements in the yellow pages, flyers, newspapers and magazines. You do not have to call each of the self storage companies anymore after you have picked them out of the phonebook because all you need to know is stated already in their respective web pages. In some cases, they may even provide special discounts online, like a minimal or free of charge first month. Remember as well that there actually might be some self storage companies who pay you for each referral that you successfully make for the storage facility. This payment may be in the form of a big chunk cut out of your monthly rate in storage, or even some free months for storage. After selecting one self storage facility, it would be wise to ask if you can get any more discounts if you pay right then and there, or if you sign up with a long term lease. Many companies can actually reduce their monthly rates still, if you try to ask for one. In these companies, terms are often negotiable, so take advantage of it.

About the Author
Drew Mers is an advertising consultant to City Closet Self Storage, which rents inexpensive self storage throughout New York and New Jersey.

Shipping Container

A shipping container is a metal container that is used for shipping purposes. These containers come in a variance of sizes, and are able to be shipped worldwide. These shipping containers are normally waterproof in most cases, as well as airtight so that your goods are safe from the elements. There are prefixes that are used in the container numbers that are used to determine the carrier name. For example, the ACXU prefix is used in the number of and for the carrier name of Atlantic Cargo. So when tracking your shipping container online, make sure that you use the carrier prefix in your container number for proper verification.

Shipping containers can be expensive to own, so many shipping tracker companies will offer you the option of leasing from a depot. There are 3 main depots: one in Denmark, one in England and one in Sweden. There are 18 companies that lease from Denmark, one in England and one in Sweden. Shipping containers come in many varieties, and it is in your best interest to choose the type or subtype that suits the goods you are shipping.

Dry cargo containers come in lengths from 20 to 45 feet in length. They are available in high cube styles and regular dry cargo container styles. Reefer or refrigerated containers are common, and come in the same lengths as dry cargo containers. These also are offered in 40 and 45 foot high cubes as well. Insulated containers are offered in 20 and 40 foot lengths for those goods that require air tight or temperature controlled shipping. Open top containers are commonly used for goods that are not in danger of expiring due to the elements. These shipping containers come only in 20 and 40 foot lengths. Flat rack containers are available only in 20 and 40 foot lengths, and are offered with collapsible or flush folding sides. The tank shipping containers are only available in 20 foot lengths, and are used for liquids of all kinds purchased in bulk such as oil, milk or gasoline. All container measurements are normally exhibited as metric measurements when dealing with countries other than the United States.

It is important to remember when tracking your shipping container, to include the detention or demurrage times. Detention is when the shipping container isn’t back at the depot in time from the consignee warehouse, while demurrage is when the container that is rented and stored is located with the goods inside the correct port. Some shipping lines will charge storage and electricity on top of demurrage. You can calculate the total demurrage or detention dates by using some website’s calculators. You would need the arrival date, the empty return date and the free days on the rental. You can choose to exclude certain days of the week, and this tool will then give you a total number of days for the detention or demurrage timeframe.

Regardless of the shipping container your company uses, it is important to read through all of the information associated with that container’s owning company if rented or leased. There is always fine print that must be adhered to in order for continued use of the company to go on.

Pier2Pier is a website dedicated to sea freight forwarders, import-, export and shipping companies. Find transport routes, Container Truckers, leasing companies or shipping companies. For details visit

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RVs and Travel Trailer Information

Travel trailers have been in existence for some time. They have grown in popularity recently. They are units that towed behind vehicles such as RVs, SUVs, minivans, buses, and trucks. There are smaller units that towed by cars.

Most manufacturers of travel trailers design the units for size, weight, and fuel economy. The sizes range from 10 to 26 feet length. The weight of the trailers range 400 to 2,000 pounds.

People buying the travel trailers can purchase the right trailer based on their needs. The best thing about the trailers is the do not need gas to be enjoyed. They rely on the vehicle towing them for transportation to the different locations. They are designed to travel smoothly down the road behind the vehicles.

For the traveler, the travel trailer is a great option for enjoying the life on the road. They provide the kitchen, bathroom, dining area, as well as an optional work area. The person who likes to travel will save money on the costs of the hotel accommodations since they can stay in the travel trailer on their trips.

The people who purchase the trailer will have all the comforts of home while away from home. The trailers offer many of the amenities of home on the road making the traveling experience more pleasant as well as very affordable. They have found the life with the trailer to be an experience they enjoy immensely.

The costs of the travel trailers are lower than the cost of buying a car. The option of buying either a new trailer or a used trailer is available also. Most new owners of travel trailers will purchase a used travel trailer that fits their budget. They will later trade the old trailer for a new once after getting to experience the life on the road with the older trailer.

If you cannot find a travel trailer or rv that you are satisfied with at your local rv retailer, then check out sites like ebay. You may be able to get a travel trailer that is thirty to fifty percent off of what you would buy at your local rv store. This will save you a bundle, but unfortunately, you will not be able to see it until you actually receive it. That is a disadvantage if the trailer is in bad condition. So contact the seller and see if there is some way that a third party company can inspect the trailer and send the findings over to you. That would be enough to give you a peace of mind when getting your trailer.

About the Author

Ron tells people about RVs for sale and travel trailers for sale.

Refrigerated and Flatbeds: Different Trailer Options

For a company that only ships small parcels that weigh less than 100lbs, the number of options that you have to worry about when shipping your goods are relatively small. Everything should be fairly straight forward and it should be fairly easy for you to decide how to ship your goods.

Usually, the biggest decisions will be about how fast the delivery will be made, usually which will cost more with increasing speed. However, when you start shipping larger loads of cargo with a Chicago courier service, there are many more options to deal with. As you approach 10000lbs of shipping weight you will have to choose to either rent a portion of a truck load (LTL) or a full trailer (FTL).

Once you start shipping FTL there will be more options again to deal with, such as whether you require flatbed trailers or refrigerated trailers for moving your shipments. To avoid ordering something you in no way need, it is important to understand these terms before having to place shipping orders of this magnitude.

Trailers which can be refrigerated are generally going to be fairly more expensive than a regular trailer, and are not something that you need to worry about unless you ship goods which could be damaged by the heat. This is typically something that is a worry for companies who are shipping medical material, pharmaceuticals, or perishable food products which need to be kept cool.

Food is the largest user of refrigerated units as it much be transported quickly and coolly if it is to keep from spoiling and still be able to be sold in the supermarkets in its destination cities.

Flatbed trailers are used for more specialized hauling applications than refrigerated trailers. A flatbed trailer is a large, open trailer that is simply one large platform on wheels to be hauled by a semi. These are used primarily for hauling goods which are too large to be stored inside a storage container type trailer.

Quite often you will see vehicles or large machinery being hauled on flatbed trailers, as well as extremely wide loads which could not fit in a regular trailer. The widest of these loads are sometimes large industrial components for oil platforms or manufacturing facilities, as well as houses and other structures which are sometimes moved. These exceptionally wide loads are also slow moving and require pilot vehicles to mark their progress, increasing the cost a great deal if they are required.

About the Author

Scott Gallagher is an International Consultant for Chicago Courier Service. With exceptional knowledge of the Chicago Delivery Service, Scott is also becoming an expert with Local Internet Marketing.

40' Flat Rack Container: ISO Shipping Containers

by Craig Ellyard

ISO shipping containers are a major innovation in the movement of cargo both inland and overseas. The term ‘ISO’ means ‘International Standards Organization’ and sets the standard for the movement of freight worldwide.

It is essential that shipping containers meet the exacting standards set by the ISO because of the large volume and different types of product they carry. And, not only do they need to be able to bear extremely heavy loads they also must be sound enough to be stacked when being shipped. And, of course, they need to stand up to extremely harsh conditions such as when being transported in rough seas as well as being rust resistant for when they are being transported on heavily salted roads during the winter months.

In order to be cargo worthy most shipping containers are CSC plated. They come in various sizes, usually between 20 and 45 feet in length, though some can be anything up to 100 foot long. There are also varying types of container, such as Steel Dry, Hi-Cube Steel Dry, Open Top and Flat Rack. The type of container to be used will depend on the cargo and the conditions under which it will be carried. The container service provider will also be able to give advice on the best type of unit to be used.

The design of shipping containers depends on how they are to be transported. The larger ones, which are usually constructed from lighter materials, are used mainly for inland – road and rail transportation and are weather proofed – resistant to wind and rain.

As well as being useful for the mass transportation of cargo by road, rail and sea, shipping containers can also be transported by air, though the various air freight lines often produce their own containers, specifically designed for their aircraft.

The mass use of shipping containers has revolutionised the movement of goods worldwide.. A survey of American ports as early as 1998 showed that moving goods in bulk using shipping containers speeded up the operation by up to 2,000 per cent. Not only does does this mean that the product will reach the customer much more quickly, it also saves heavily on transportation and labour costs, leading to the prospect of cheaper prices for the consumer, and bigger profits for the manufacturer.

The usage of ISO shipping containers is an economical, safe and efficient way to transport goods anywhere in the world, hence their ever increasing popularity in carrying products from the factory to the consumer.

Great Lakes shipping container services offers a range of standard and specialist ISO equipment to provide innovative and creative purchase and lease international cargo solutions

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Article Source: ArticleSnatch Free Article Directory

Tidy Up Your Clutter With A Self Storage Unit

If you are wishing to tidy up the clutter in their homes, utilizing a self storage unit is a cost effective way to accomplish this goal. Offering many benefits over storing items in your garage, the advantages of a domestic self-storage unit are many. While there are several options, some of the top choices are companies that offer various sizes of units as well as both domestic and business storage solutions.

As the holidays tick ever closer, the time to get rid of the clutter in your home has arrived. One of the most straightforward and effective ways to accomplish this is through the use of a self storage unit. With modern amenities like advanced security and climate controlled spaces, there are few better ways to safely store seasonal goods. When you consider the collective value of the goods being stored, both in terms of financial value and sentimental value, these items deserve to be better protected. When the garage becomes a storage location for everything except the family car, alternate options should be considered and pursued.

When using a high quality self storage facility, there are many advantages available that can create additional incentive to getting organized. Many organizations will provide their customer with competitively priced packing materials, trolleys, and forklift services. Furthermore, for those who need help transporting their possessions to and from the facility, many of these companies offer van services to compliment the storage solutions they provide. Overall, the amenities offered by self storage companies are comprehensive and offer customers a significant advantage over the garage option.

Self storage can provide a nice solution to storage needs across a wide range of time periods as well. If you are in the midst of a move it might be a good idea to store the bulk of your furniture. That way your home can be staged for quicker and more efficient showings. Self storage provides an excellent solution. By allowing the homeowner to get rid of clutter in the living space, the shorter market-time and potential for higher sale price should more than offset the expense.

A storage facility is a great short term option to store seasonal materials that are only needed intermittently throughout the course of the year. From household decorations to winter and summer clothes a self storage unit can significantly increase available living space for a relatively moderate price. For families, in particular, this option may be of special interest.

Most individuals collect important documents, keepsakes, and memories over a course of years, but do not need to access these on a regular basis. For those who wish to safeguard these items, rather than part with them or risk their damage on a regular basis, self storage is an excellent solution. When the modern and advanced services these companies now offer are considered, regardless of the specific time frame needed, the use of self storage can have a positive impact.

About the Author
Nick Messe is president of Lead Frog LLC. Space Station provides all the storage facilities you would expect of a leading provider of domestic self storage. Self storage facilities include Slough self storage, and other locations in and around Windsor.